Color Basics in a Nutshell
Light or pale colors can make rooms feel larger. They create a sense of openness – an impression that the space is larger than it actually is. This is one reason why whites are so often used on ceilings: They make the ceiling seem higher.
However, bright whites can also create the illusion that adjacent colors are darker, so they may not always be the best choice for ceilings. Off-whites with a hint of cream, or whites tinted with just a touch of the wall color, may bring more harmony to the room.
Many dark colors – or colors that are deep in tone – can make a room appear smaller, providing an illusion of intimacy or coziness. These kinds of powerful, more intense shades – sometimes called accent colors – create a visual perception that walls and ceilings are closer than they really are. They are ideal for accenting architectural features, such as framing a window. If you have an impressive exterior view, framing the window with a dramatic color will “pull the eye” and help make the view a focal point in the room.
As always, though, there are exceptions to every rule. When dramatic colors are used, contrasting colors can help give definition to a room, especially when the contrasting shades outline molding, window trim or other architectural elements. White always works in this case, but off-white or a contrasting neutral can fit the bill nicely, too.
Cool or Warm?
Besides light and dark, colors are also classified as being warm or cool. Cool colors – like the blues, greens and grays found in nature – are restful and calming.
That makes them popular choices for a customer who seeks shades that set the stage for relaxation. Cool shades, even the deepest ones, tend to make the wall recede, giving the sensation of more space. In addition, these colors can make the room “feel” cooler from a temperature standpoint.
Warm colors – yellows, reds and browns – do just the opposite. They are considered cheerful, sunny colors, making them good picks for rooms when a pleasant upbeat atmosphere is your goal. This is one reason many kitchens have been traditionally painted yellow.
An aside on yellow: Though many yellows are indeed bright and cheerful, yellow has a high light reflectance value – the reflection from painted surfaces that causes colors to act as a secondary light source. Consequently, bright yellows can sometimes be visually irritating. Coverage may be an issue, too, though many of those concerns are easily addressed by using the right primer coat before applying the yellow topcoat.
How Low Light Affects Wall Color
The type of artificial lighting in a room will affect the perception of the wall color, and should be considered when making paint choices. Here is a quick guide to the effects of the most popular lighting sources:
Incandescent lights cast warm yellow or amber tones that can intensify wall colors.
Standard fluorescent fixtures bring out cool tones and green casts. Warm fluorescents, while not as rich as incandescent sources, add warm casts.
Halogen lighting is bright and white and distorts color less than any other artificial light source. It does, however, tend to cool colors a bit.